Measuring the ogive’s radius.

So if you’ve managed to magnify the outline of your ogive, effectively you can calculate the radius by measuring the meplat to the shank/ogive intersection. This will become your chord length W.  

The  Sagitta of the arc or height (H), is measured perpendicular from the midpoint of the chord W.  

For double or multiple radius ogives there will be multiple chord lengths measure. Note also this method only works with ogives using a tangent and secant radius. The larger your outline is magnified the more accurate your measure will be, useful for those of us without an optical shadowgraph comparator or other such metrology equipment. Remember though you may have to contend with the parallax error depending on how you capture your image outline.

Radius of an arc or segment 

(link to Math Open Reference.)

To calculate the radius

Given an arc or segment with known width and height:

Segment of a circle.  A horizontal base line with an arc on the top.  Its height is H and width of the base W
The formula for the radius is:

Circle.  One vertical line through the center, one horizontal across the upper part, each half labelled 'a' 			     Vertical line labeled B in top part, c in bottom where:
W  is the length of the chord defining the base of the arc
H  is the height measured at the midpoint of the arc’s base.


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